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Watch the video and see what you think. As Bruce-Novoa points out, the obstacles are many and each essay provides different perspectives on a literature that few understand. The collection of essays is indispensable for those wishing to learn more about the Chicano culture, its creators, the lives and spirit of the people represented in a vibrant literature that cries out to be understood and appreciated. This detailed text is written mainly for specialists because it presumes a certain knowledge of contemporary Brazilian history and its political parties, and offers an intimate look at the formation of political alliances in the post-war years of Brazilian democracy.
Lacerda founded and ran his own newspaper Tribuna da Imprensa in , just in time to follow the presidential contest between Eduardo Gomes and Vargas. Journalists in Brazil at this time played a central role in debating political opinion, and newspaper editorials held great sway with the public and politicians alike. During the course of his career, Lacerda was often threatened by political enemies for his incendiary criticism. After the death of Vargas, Lacerda was forbidden to make radio broadcasts.
Lacerda left the country, and continued to give unfavorable press about the Kubitschek government while abroad in By , Lacerda was re-elected to the congress and chosen as the UDN leader. He found himself once again at the center of national controversy by discussing documents that implicated vice-president Goulart. Lacerda also participated in the heated debate about decentralizing the educational system of Brazil, coming out in favor of private and parochial schools.
In he was elected governor of Guanabara; the epilogue concludes that he was admired for his energetic projects, and scorned for his lack of personalism. This book offers the conservative side to the debate surrounding the issues that have shaped Brazilian politics in the recent past. Was Lacerda a political crusader or political opportunist?
Disruptive agitator or constructive activist? Was he anticorruption or anti-leftist? These are the questions that remain in the mind of the critical reader when considering the life of Carlos Lacerda. Elizabeth Ginway University of Georgia. A semejanza de Borges, la obra de Bioy Casares rechaza el mimetismo realista, rehuyendo cualquier tipo de atadura con la realidad extratextual.
Drawing heavily upon Charles S. The author presents this theoretical approach in a lucid Introduction substantiated by a heavily-cited background of theatrical, metafictional and semiotic criticism. Controversial in his open challenge to artistic morality, logic and decorum, Nelson Rodrigues is portrayed accurately as an artist who defied the static nature of Brazilian theatre which during his time was still strongly swayed by nineteenth century foreign influences.
Nelson H. Vieira Brown University. Rafael Ocasio Agnes Scott College. It is by far the most complete all-purpose bilingual dictionary available. When it first came out in it was praised as a significant advance in bilingual lexicography, and now it has been reworked to emphasize Latin American varieties of Spanish. There is no biographical supplement or gazetteer. Its strength resides in the impressive quantity of vocabulary that it attempts to survey. Mexicanisms of all kinds abound: guarura, molcajete, socoyote and eight words beginning with tl-.
Peninsular Spanish slang is remarkably well represented e. The English-Spanish section is similarly thorough. Both gaol and jail appear, as do lorry and truck. Symbols and labels are used to their maximum advantage. A solid black diamond preceding an entry indicates a verbal idiom and a dagger denotes usage that is no longer current. Register is marked by the use of asterisks.
One asterisk indicates a non-standard word used by educated speakers in a relaxed situation e. Two indicates usage by some educated speakers in a very relaxed situation e. Regional labels distinguish Mexican, Central American, Caribbean and Southern Cone usages, although nothing more specific than provincial is used to identify peninsular dialects. The abbreviation And. In addition, there is a staggering variety of subject matter labels ranging from architecture and cookery to typography and telecommunications. Superscript numbers differentiate the troublesome homographs of both languages e.
One word whose absence disturbs me is cachucha , whose wealth of meaning includes an Andalusian dance, a rowboat, a cap and even a capsule of heroin in some dialects. Suffixes are listed in their own right e. Lastly, in the English-Spanish section, certain words relating lo the Native American experience have been passed over, such as papoose, wampum, succotash. But these are picayune considerations. The Collins humbles its competitors in every area. In the sheer number of words it catalogues, in its deference to geographic and dialectal usage, and in the readability of its type and layout, it stands unsurpassed.
Jack Shreve Allegany Community College. This book can be used in a survey course, of course, as well as in more advanced courses -this latter use facilitated by the single volume being devoted exclusively to the Renaissance and Golden Age. For example, pages are devoted to Golden Age prose. To make the book easy to use, all of the literary history is printed in a sans-serif typeface [all letters with the same width] and in fully-justified columns, whereas the anthologized works are in a serif typeface [letters with varying width] in ragged left columns.
Since the book is all in Spanish, these features make it easy to distinguish the two types of text instantly. A great deal of notes, either in the margin or footnotes, aid in comprehension. Some are very successful. Some notes are much less useful and even counterproductive because Spanish is their medium.
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An English word would have given the exact meaning. For example, zaharena is glossed with esquiva 64 , se afeitaba is glossed with se maquillaba 39 , levantarle testimonio is glossed as calumniarle. This is a general criticism of this type of glossing -if you have to look up the meaning of the gloss, of what use is it? Wiley was convinced, however, that this book will fit into a niche that will be a continual seller for a couple of decades. Thomas A. Lathrop University of Delaware. In all, thirty-one studies comprise the collection, covering theoretical and descriptive syntax, phonology, sociolinguistics, bilingualism, and regional languages of Spain and Mexico.
The range of theoretical models and descriptive approaches is equally varied, embodying the lively interchange of ideas which characterizes linguistic research in Spain and Mexico. The resulting publication adopts a four-way division, roughly separating the studies into those dealing with Spanish and those dealing with other languages, with each group subdivided into a brief introductory section and a longer set of individual studies.
The former article traces the history of linguistic thought in Spain, with emphasis on the first half of the 20th century. The latter article also adopts a historical approach, including the study of Native American languages of Mexico, and is supplemented by an extensive bibliography. The following section, nearly a third of the total volume, contains sixteen essays incorporating Spanish data. One of the articles by Piera is devoted to phonology, a grid-based metrical analysis in which Spanish data are used only incidentally.
Barriga Villanueva studies the development of connectives conjunctions, prepositions and adverbials in child language, with data collected in Mexico. In the same section, Company offers comparative Ibero-Romance syntactic data which show a close affiliation between Spanish and Portuguese as opposed to the remaining languages. The conclusions provide support for linguistic genealogies based on phonological.
The third section contains two short articles surveying the use of languages other than Spanish. The fourth section contains a variety of essays involving the contact between Spanish and regional languages of Mexico and Spain. Basque syntax is studied by Salaburu, who concentrates on WH-movement and topicalization within a GB framework. The contributions by Lastra y Levy provide data on the Spanish interlanguage of indigenous bilinguals of Mexico, from a purely descriptive standpoint.
Smith-Park provides a systematic survey of language usage in the state of Oaxaca, including indigenous languages and Spanish as an interlanguage. Any collection of this magnitude and scope suffers from shortcomings. In the case of the book under review, only the most tenuous common thread, that of linguistic research in Spain and Mexico, connects the individual studies. Many of the essays in both categories offer only incremental advances from the previously published research of the respective authors.
Given that contemporary syntactic and phonological theories are undergoing constant and rapid evolution, the ideas presented in this collection may bear little resemblance lo currently accepted postulates. Not all readers will feel comfortable with the notion that any article on theoretical syntax or phonology will almost by definition be outdated by the time it appears in print, particularly as part of a permanent anthology.
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At the same time, some of the more traditionally-grounded articles could have been written decades ago, which is unlikely to satisfy those which describe contact situations involving languages little studied by Hispanists, or which extend the comparative scope beyond the usual dimensions. These limitations are the inevitable result of such an ambitious enterprise, and do not reflect unfavorably on either the contributors or the organizers.
The title of this volume should be taken at face value, as a cross-section of linguistic thought in two Spanish-speaking nations where exploration of diverse viewpoints has always been valued above rigid conformism. In the balance, the diversity of the essays in the present volume is its greatest asset, and the anthology as a whole makes a permanent and valuable contribution to Hispanic linguistics. John M. Lipski University of Florida. Por regla general, el corpus fue grabado en las casas de los informantes mediante una entrevista personal.
Cepeda encuentra que se destacan varios procesos principales:. Por ejemplo, el sustrato mapuche no ha dejado huella profunda, y su influencia en el dialecto no parece fuerte. Las investigaciones de Cepeda et al. El valor adicional de estos dos libros consta en que nos recuerda que las generalizaciones dialectales muchas veces abarcan una cantidad de distinciones internas.
Distingue entre asonancia y consonancia, y verso libre y verso blanco. Kay Pritchett University of Arkansas. The structure of the charlas in this volume consists of a three part format, vocabulary practice, a reading about an incident in the life of the author and a question based on the reading. There are several notable deficiencies worthy of mention. The first the reader will notice is a lack of organization. While there are recurring themes that connect the readings, there is no discernible reason for the order of presentation. Likewise, there is no organization by order of difficulty or by sequence of structural or functional language development.
Also, the reading passages have not been glossed, which will present problems for intermediate-level non-negative students unaccustomed to reading authentic colloquial Spanish. Words and expressions are not organized by grammatical function and nouns are not given their corresponding article. Since words are treated only as lexical items as they appear in the text, students will have to cope with form as well as meaning. Moreover, this exercise only develops passive language knowledge. The Spanish-English vocabulary at the end of the book is likewise deficient. Frequently, words that appear in the titles of the readings or in the vocabulary lists are not to be found at the end of the book.
Two final glaring shortcomings deserve comment. At the end of each reading there is only one short, broad follow-up question and there is a notable lack of practice activities to develop functional language use.
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Finally, typographical errors and errors of punctuation are commonplace. The weaknesses described in this review notwithstanding, this book has merit. The readings are short and generally uncomplicated. Each one can be used in a single class session and can be done out of the order of presentation. Undoubtedly, there is a niche for this book but it is not as a conversation text for non-native speakers. Rather, given the level of authentic language, the inadequacies of the Spanish-English dictionary and the total lack of practice activities, this book will be used more profitably in reading or conversation courses for adult native speakers.
Regardless of the courses for which it is adopted, however, it requires serious editing. Paul Seaver West Chester University. Tomsich hace frente de manera admirable. Una de las principales dificultades reside en trasladar de un idioma a otro, y de un ambiente y siglo diferentes, ideas y conceptos en muchos casos intraducibles, sin perder el tono y la fluidez del original.
Tomsich son encomiables. Existen sin embargo algunas diferencias formales entre los dos libros que es necesario mencionar.
Estas diferencias se basan principalmente en el lector al que se dirige cada obra. Los pazos de Ulloa has long been considered a classic of nineteenth-century Spanish Realism, but until recently the only English version of the novel was the outdated version, The Son of the Bondswoman. The latest one, by Roser Caminals-Heath, is a fluid translation of the novel into American English that skillfully captures the spirit of the Spanish prose. Along with the Sketches, this edition also includes a readable and insightful Introduction.
The flow of the narrative is not broken up by unnecessary explanatory footnotes, which is to be lauded. The few notes included are placed to reinforce the information presented in the Introduction or to explain untranslatable terms. In the Autobio-graphical Sketches, on the other hand, seventy-four end notes are included to explain the many allusions to contemporary literary and historical figures and events.
Their republication comes at a fortuitous time given the recent increase in critical interest in autobiography as a genre. The translation, Introduction and Sketches are published in a well-edited, attractive edition. One hopes that this faithful rendering of the novel may help The House of Ulloa become more widely known outside of Hispanist circles. Mark R. Malin University of Colorado at Boulder. Not only is it an excellent translation of an extremely challenging text, but it enriches the original with very valuable and well-documented information. Instead of the usual general remarks, the translator provides in his Preface a guide to the reader of San Camilo, He invites those who do not need any guidance to precede directly to the text.
There will be very few readers indeed who will or should accept this invitation, even if they already know Cela and the history of the Spanish Civil War. Rather than just summing up biographical data, the translator presents a character portrait of the author, which makes the book much easier to relate to. As the full title of the novel - San Camilo, The Eve, Feast, and Octave of St. Camillus of the Year in Madrid - indicates, Cela wanted to reflect in his novel the experience of the outbreak of the war and his feelings about the war itself, even though he does not follow it to its conclusion.
The Preface concludes with some very helpful and insightful remarks on the structure of the novel and on some aspects of its translation. Polt wants readers to reach their own conclusions, uninfluenced by his own views and interpretation. Both the mood of the novel and the skill and literary sensitivity of its translator are more than adequately summed up in the beautifully translated epigraphs to parts 2 and 3 of the book: To Madrid now go we must; All of us shall turn to dust What have we done, oh Lord, to kindle thus your ire?
Do not for these our sins plunge Spain into the fire! Alma Amell Josephinum College. Diverse narrative techniques are not only employed but exhausted in terms of time present, past, future and space first, second, third persons. Dialogues among interlocutors either unidentified or belatedly identified, about third parties whose identities are likewise difficult or impossible to determine, repeatedly mystify the reader, impelling him or her to read on in search of a clarification that is eternally postponed. The object of their struggle is the status of Dominguito Vidal, a deformed and paralyzed man who is perceived to perform miracles and to embody Christian sainthood.
In addition to the fast-paced and tightly knit plot, the novel depends for readerly interest on a rich store of ethnological and costumbrista references. The strategy of literal translation works well in the numerous passages of sanctimonious and sententious rhetoric, but it often backfires when the narration ought to be swift and natural. Having engendered some uneven translations of my own, I wonder why the copy editors at Texas Press did not play a more active role in polishing the manuscript before it went to press. Inevitable imperfections notwithstanding, both these books are welcome additions to the offerings available to the growing number of readers of Latin American literature in translation.
Jonathan Tittler Cornell University. The entire novel is written in free indirect discourse, which involves two simultaneous perspectives: that of the omniscient third-person narrator and that of the woman-protagonist who, as the focalizer, is brought closer to the reader through this well-known technique.
The structure is characterized by frequent temporal shifts between present and past until, in the final pages, the woman is taken by one of her lovers to the airport from where she will depart for an unspecified destination. Subsequently Renata and the protagonist become lovers, but they too have a falling-out, leading to the ending alluded to above. Written in , two years after Nadja , Eva the Fugitive was not published in Spanish until , and the present translation to English is the first in any language. The surrealists of course also tried to induce the irrational functioning of the mind in order to perpetuate the dream, observe its impact on daily life, and incorporate it into a total reality.
Like Nadja, Eva at one point finds herself confined in an insane asylum, perhaps a condemnatory metaphor of the rigid behavior imposed on rational man. George R. McMurray Colorado State University. David Rosenthal, well known as a translator, is a poet as well, and he treats his favorite Catalan bards with great lyricism and insight. He has been a tireless purveyor of Catalan literature to the English-speaking world. Postwar Catalan Poetry begins with a lucid preface in which he compares the fate of the Irish language, poignantly depicted in a poem by John Montague, to that of Catalan, which for historical and economic reasons, was better equipped to defend itself.
Foix, who bridges the gap between pre- and post-war writers. Unfortunately, with all his pleas for sympathy and work to unsilence marginalized voices, Rosenthal mentions not a single female poet, not even in passing, nor does he explain or apologize for this glaring omission, as he does in the cases of Carles Riba and Josep Carner. Rosenthal, of course, does not aim or claim to be comprehensive or even representative, and he can certainly discuss whomever he wishes. Perhaps, then, the problem could be solved by choosing a more accurate title for his work, indicating that he will study only males, as is routinely done when one discusses only females.
Postwar Catalan Poetry [sic], then, is an important and insightful contribution to the study of Catalan literature. I will wait hopefully for similar scholarly and poetic attention to be given to the female colleagues of these admirable poets. As welcome as these contributions are, however, we might wonder whether there is enough commonality among the anthologized materials to justify their appearance in book fashion, for both volumes aim to be representative, diverse, contemporary with significant exceptions in Scents of Wood and Silence , and innovative.
An approach of either type always feels like a rationed sampler to me: I am eager for more tastes of the juicier offerings, and would have gladly passed up the more ordinary fare. In her short Introduction, Ross gives a brief overview of the concerns that informed the selections, and briefly introduces each author by commenting on the translated story that appears in the volume.
Preceding each story is a concise biobibliographic note on the author and the translator. The Bibliography at the end of the anthology covers general works on women writers and feminist literary criticism: this part of the bibliography is both minimal in content and overly general in scope of field psychology, sociology, philosophy ; while it contains many key titles, the omissions would fill dozens of pages. Unlike Ross, however, he gives his prologue a repetitive tone as he enumerates names, dates, and places in his efforts to sketch out a context for the women writers from Costa Rica and Panama represented in the anthology.
What, then, is the point of configuring a group of writers based on nationalities and gender? When New Flowers Bloomed also contains general bibliographies with many of the same titles that appear in Scents of Wood and Silence : I miss, however, a bibliographic guide to works by and about the specific writers, most of whom are virtual unknowns to English-speaking readers and many Hispanists, I dare say. Rather than list the nineteen authors chosen by Jaramillo and the twenty-these selected by Ross and Miller, I will mention some of the outstanding contributions that in my judgment tender these anthologies of interest to both Hispanists and the general reader.
Bessy Reyna born in Cuba, raised in Panama, resident of the U. The anthology, then, owes much of its success to the careful artistry of the translators; regrettably, Scents of Wood and Silence does not always fare so well. Rosemary Geisdorfer Feal University of Rochester. La esclava instruida. Barcelona: Tusquets Editores, Andino, Mario.
El capo y las amazonas. Chicago: Grupo Esperante, Balakian, Anna. Princeton: PUP, Caicedo, Jurado de C. Calders, Pere. The Virgin of the Railway and Other Stories. Amanda Bath. Bristol: Centre for Mediterranean Studies, Diario I. Cuba Madrid: Alianza Editorial, Good Faith and Truthful Ignorante. A Case of Transatlantic Bigamy. Durham: Duke UP, De amores, sabores y fornicios. Romancero Gitano. Edited by Derek Harris. Catalan Translation in Chile in the Exile of Manuel de Pedrolo or the Political Dimension of Existentialism.
Back Matter Pages About this book Introduction This volume helps us to understand that the current political disorders in Catalonia have deep cultural roots. What is happening in Catalonia? What lies behind its political conflicts? Editors and affiliations.